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Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia: Understanding the Disorderfrom:
Panic Disorder is a disorder characterized by constant and sudden attacks because of extreme fear and nervousness. The attacks are normally not connected to any particular situation and it usually lasts for about 10 minutes. The person who experiences anxiety accompanied with a particular phobia is expected or indicated to a recognized motivation.
Agoraphobia refers to a fear of crowds. It’s a fear of not being able to escape or afraid of not being able to ask for help in cases of panic attack.
What are the causes?
The cause of panic disorder is still unidentified, but it’s believed that it’s related with many physiological factors. It can happen with or without the presence of agoraphobia. However, the phobia develops in 60%–70% of most panic disorder cases.
The development of a phobia may include adapted behavior since it reveals a fear of experiencing panic attacks in unsafe places. At times, panic attacks are related with the places where it already happened in the past.
It can happen to children, but the average age it usually occurs is 25. It can also affect adults and seniors. According to recent studies, women are 2-3 times more prone to panic disorder.
What Are the Symptoms?
Panic attacks include limited periods of severe symptoms, some of these are listed below.
• Difficulty breathing
• Light-headedness or faintness
• Too much perspiration
• Abdominal pain and nausea
• Lack of feeling or tingling
• Chest pain
• Necrophobia or Fear of dying
• Afraid to become crazy
• Fear of losing control
The symptoms of agoraphobia involves:
• Being worried of being in an area where it’s difficult to escape
• Avoiding circumstances or situations that can be stressful
• Being worried about having panic attacks
• Autophobia or afraid to be alone
• Afraid of losing control in a crowded place
• Prefers to be at home for longer periods
• Afraid of being helpless and depending too much on others
• Afraid of being estranged from others
How Do You Know if a Person Has This Disorder?
A physical exam and a psychological assessment are done to have a diagnosis. Most patients with undiagnosed panic disorder might feel they’re dying. Usually, they immediately proceed to the emergency rooms or health center because of a feeling they’re having a heart attack.
Diagnosis test are performed based on the symptoms.
How is the Disorder Being Treated?
The main objective when treating is to help the patient function well. The effectiveness of the treatment normally depends in part on how severe the agoraphobia is.
Antidepressants medicines are believed to be effective treatments for most patients of panic disorder. There are also anti-anxiety medicines that are also helpful and effective as a cure for this disorder.
However, there are behavioral therapies that are suggested which include relaxation methods, pleasant mental imagery and cognitive behavioral therapy. These are done to recover deformed and potentially dangerous interpretations of intense anxiety.
Some patients choose to have psychological therapy and counseling. In this way, it helps them understand everything about the disorder and the factors that serve as triggers or defenders for them.
In conclusion, if you’re also experiencing panic disorder with agoraphobia, you need not be afraid. Instead, ask for help from your doctor and tell him or her about your worries.
Remember, the only person who could help you with your illness is yourself so, take care of yourself and don’t abuse your body.
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